Female Genital Mutilation is mainly practised on the African
continent. The countries with the greatest prevalence are
mainly in the northern half of the continent in a strip, which
runs from Senegal in the west to Somalia in the east. In some
countries up to 99% of women are affected. Even in African countries
further south genital mutilation is practised; but there are no
statistics and studies for the affected countries.
In the Middle East female genital mutilation occurs in Yemen, Northern
Iraq, Oman, the United Arab Emirates and Qatar. Bahrain, Jordan and the
Palestinian Autonomous Area in the Gaza strip are also referred to. In Asia,
India, Indonesia and Malaysia are affected and possibly even Sri Lanka.
As a result of migration, female genital mutilation has become a worldwide
problem that now concerns Europe, America, Australia and New Zealand.
Figures, statistics and studies can provide approximations on the extent
of genital mutilation; however, since it is generally hard to collect data
on the ground, published figures frequently differ from each other.